Harare (Salisbury) is the capital and most populated city of Zimbabwe, situated in the northeast of the country in the heart of Mashonaland.
The city was founded in 1890 by the Pioneer Column and named Fort Salisbury after the British Prime Minister, Lord Salisbury. The city retained the name Salisbury until 1982 when it was renamed Harare.
Harare is Zimbabwe’s leading political, financial, commercial and communications centre and a trade centre for tobacco, maize, cotton and citrus fruits. The name “Harare” comes from the village near Harare Kopje of the Shona chief Neharawa, whose nickname was “he who does not sleep”.
The city sits on one of the higher parts of the Highveld Plateau of Zimbabwe at an elevation of 1 483m and has a subtropical highland climate. The average annual temperature is 18°C which is rather low for the tropics.