Kariba is a town in Mashonaland located close to Kariba Dam, at the north-western end of Lake Kariba. Kariba is hot all year round with extreme heat in the summer months. Kariba town is the centre of the tourist industry for the Lake Kariba region. The town was originally established to house workers who were constructing the dam in the 1950’s.
Lake Kariba is the world’s largest man-made lake by volume. The lake was filled between 1958 and 1963 after completion of the Kariba Dam at the north-eastern end which flooded the Kariba Gorge on the Zambezi River.
When Lake Kariba was built and the area flooded with water, wildlife in the area was moved from the rising waters and relocated to areas above the flood water level, mainly Matusadona National Park. The operation was led by Rupert Fothergill and was called Operation Noah. Operation Noah lasted 5 years and over 6 000 animals were rescued and relocated.